The Low Maintenance Landscaping for the Barnegat Bay Watershed (PDF) lays out eight simple principles to reduce the use of natural resources while allowing for an attractive, natural landscape. These concepts can apply to home and community vegetable gardens.
A soil test is the first step in preparing healthy garden. Knowing what your current nutrient levels are, and understanding the properties of your soil will help to grow healthy plants.
Choosing vegetables and herbs that are well suited for your climate zone, soil conditions, and season will help ensure that minimal amounts of fertilizer and water can be used in their growth. In addition, using irrigation techniquest that reduce volume and spray of water, such as drip irrigation, can help reduce water use drastically.
The Master Gardeners can provide fact sheets and advice about home garden issues. The Ocean County Master Gardener Hotline operates from 9–12pm, Monday through Friday at 732-349-1245.